Solution: A wearable that patients can wear on their hands that serves as a health hub in which they can track vitals associated mainly with their heart health.
Many heart issues, such as heart failure, cardiac arrest, and cardiovascular disease, can stem from a common denominator, known as arrhythmia. Arrhythmia is a distinct issue that relates to an irregularity in a patient’s heartbeat. This issue, although not as gargantuan as heart failure or cardiac arrest, is usually the first step towards those disasters. The initial symptoms may be asymptomatic for some patients, but over an extended period of time, arrhythmia can mutate into a catastrophic health issue. In addition to an irregular heartbeat, other consequences include feelings of dizziness and breathing difficulties. When this issue starts to become serious and is deemed as an official health problem, doctors either prescribe medication or plant pacemakers into sensitive patients who are at a higher risk of developing major issues later on. This solution focuses closely on the initial stages of heart disease, and it aims to mitigate the problem as much as possible to help patients improve their health. Moreover, it allows patients to have more control and say over their health. This solution acts as a secondary information hub to patients, which ultimately keeps them educated about their health and it offers people the opportunity to know when to get professional help sooner rather than later.
The Specifics of Arrhythmia and Additional Research:
What causes Arrhythmia:
Electrical impulses control and coordinate a person’s heartbeat. Heart arrhythmias ensue when these impulses are compromised. These impulses originate from the sinus node, which is located in the right atrium of the heart.
Life with Arrhythmia:
When someone has an arrhythmia in the heart, it could be 1 out of 4 primary categories of arrhythmia (bradycardia, tachycardia, irregular heartbeat, or early heartbeat). Increased stress levels and blood pressure issues are cited as the primary effects of living with arrhythmia. Dizziness and tiredness are cited as secondary effects of arrhythmia.
Potential Future Complications:
When you have an irregular heartbeat, it is extremely important that you take the necessary precautions and seek medical help as soon as possible. When left untreated, arrhythmia can cause life-threatening complications like a heart attack or stroke.
Deeper Dive into Primary Effects of Arrhythmia:
One of the primary side effects of having an arrhythmia is that you can develop hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure. It is important to know that once one has high blood pressure, he/she must take strict precautions to control it. This effect cannot be taken for granted. Gradually, as time passes, if this is not treated, then major complications can arise. When a person has high blood pressure, their blood is constantly pumped throughout his/her veins and arteries at an improper rate. Over time, these arteries and veins become structurally damaged due to the heavy wear and tear. Eventually, the climactic situation that normally happens is either heart failure or coronary heart disease. Moreover, further damage may occur in other vital organs, such as the brain and kidneys.
Deeper Dive into the Secondary Effects of Arrhythmia:
People who have arrhythmia usually cite dizziness and tiredness as secondary effects. When people have heart issues and have constant dizziness as a side effect, it is a red flag for hypoxia. Hypoxia is a condition where a person’s blood oxygen levels are depleted, which makes them tired and puts them in danger of more serious conditions, such as asthma.
Components of the Solution:
→ Built-in Blood Oxygen Monitor with R.Y.G. indicator
→ Control Screen with changeable settings
→ Bluetooth to connect with BlueTooth capable pacemakers
→ Screen specifically to display pulse and Blood Oxygen levels
→ Emergency calling button
Premier flagship model wearables, such as Apple Watches, Fitbits, and Galaxy Watches utilize lithium-ion batteries with mAH capacities ranging from 200 to 500 mAH. For this wearable, the power source will be a 3.7V 380mAH lithium polymer rechargeable battery, which will provide a lengthy amount of power for the wearable between consecutive charges. For reserve power, the wearable will also hold a lightweight 3.7V 220 mAH lithium-ion rechargeable battery.
Wearables are expected to be comfortable for the user and they must be made of a material that is flexible and breathable. For this wearable, the material of the exterior will be a silicone elastomer. This material is lightweight and flexible and it will give the user a hassle-free experience when wearing the wearable.
The Control Screen will feature a clear OLED touchscreen that will allow users to seamlessly customize the wearable to their needs. The R/Y/G screen will be a LED Screen that will have a low nit level whenever it turns on. The Blood O2 & Pulse screen will be a LED thin strip screen that will constantly show only the user’s blood oxygen and their pulse levels.
 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2020, June 3). Arrhythmia | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/arrhythmia
 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2019, November 19). Heart arrhythmia – Symptoms and causes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-arrhythmia/symptoms-causes/syc-20350668
 Newman, T. (2020, February 28). What to know about arrhythmia. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/8887#causes
 WebMD. (2018, April 26). How can an irregular heartbeat cause complications? https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/atrial-fibrillation/qa/how-can-an-irregular-heartbeat-cause-complications
 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). (2019, November 19). High blood pressure dangers: Hypertension’s effects on your body. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/high-blood-pressure/art-20045868
 DerSarkissian, C. D. (2014, June 13). Hypoxia and Hypoxemia. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/hypoxia-hypoxemia#1
 Rosato, D. V. R. (2004). Silicone Elastomer – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics. ScienceDirect. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/silicone-elastomer